Glaucoma is a sight-threatening disorder that varies in severity in each eye. The condition is caused by damage to the optic nerve, due to raised pressure in the eye. The optic nerve connects the eye to the brain and receives impulses from the retina to transmit images to the brain, enabling us to see.
Types of Glaucoma
Glaucoma is most common amongst those over the age of 40 and has 4 main types:
– Chronic open-angle glaucoma – the most common form of glaucoma
– Primary angle-closure glaucoma
– Secondary glaucoma
– Congenital glaucoma
Causes of Glaucoma
The risk of developing glaucoma unfortunately increases with age. It is also hereditary, so those with a family history of glaucoma are at risk, as well as those with African-Caribbean ethnicity, diabetes and high blood pressure.
How is it treated?
Glaucoma is typically treated with eye drops designed to release pressure in the eye, or laser eye treatment and surgery. Detecting the disorder early urgent so that treatment can be implemented as soon as possible, so it is important that annual eye examinations are taken.
If you are over 40 years of age and have a direct relative who suffers from glaucoma, you are eligible to a free sight test once a year, on the NHS.
At Eye 2 Eye, we have the correct expertise to aid in detecting glaucoma early using our new innovative Optical Coherence Tomographer (OTC).